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smtp-multi.c

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Download smtp-multi.c

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2014, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at http://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/ 
#include <string.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
 
/* This is an example showing how to send mail using libcurl's SMTP
 * capabilities. It builds on the smtp-mail.c example to demonstrate how to use
 * libcurl's multi interface.
 *
 * Note that this example requires libcurl 7.20.0 or above.
 */ 
 
#define FROM     "<sender@example.com>"
#define TO       "<recipient@example.com>"
#define CC       "<info@example.com>"
 
#define MULTI_PERFORM_HANG_TIMEOUT 60 * 1000
 
static const char *payload_text[] = {
  "Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2010 21:54:29 +1100\r\n",
  "To: " TO "\r\n",
  "From: " FROM "(Example User)\r\n",
  "Cc: " CC "(Another example User)\r\n",
  "Message-ID: <dcd7cb36-11db-487a-9f3a-e652a9458efd@rfcpedant.example.org>\r\n",
  "Subject: SMTP multi example message\r\n",
  "\r\n", /* empty line to divide headers from body, see RFC5322 */ 
  "The body of the message starts here.\r\n",
  "\r\n",
  "It could be a lot of lines, could be MIME encoded, whatever.\r\n",
  "Check RFC5322.\r\n",
  NULL
};
 
struct upload_status {
  int lines_read;
};
 
static size_t payload_source(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *userp)
{
  struct upload_status *upload_ctx = (struct upload_status *)userp;
  const char *data;
 
  if((size == 0) || (nmemb == 0) || ((size*nmemb) < 1)) {
    return 0;
  }
 
  data = payload_text[upload_ctx->lines_read];
 
  if(data) {
    size_t len = strlen(data);
    memcpy(ptr, data, len);
    upload_ctx->lines_read++;
 
    return len;
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
static struct timeval tvnow(void)
{
  struct timeval now;
 
  /* time() returns the value of time in seconds since the epoch */ 
  now.tv_sec = (long)time(NULL);
  now.tv_usec = 0;
 
  return now;
}
 
static long tvdiff(struct timeval newer, struct timeval older)
{
  return (newer.tv_sec - older.tv_sec) * 1000 +
    (newer.tv_usec - older.tv_usec) / 1000;
}
 
int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLM *mcurl;
  int still_running = 1;
  struct timeval mp_start;
  struct curl_slist *recipients = NULL;
  struct upload_status upload_ctx;
 
  upload_ctx.lines_read = 0;
 
  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);
 
  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(!curl)
    return 1;
 
  mcurl = curl_multi_init();
  if(!mcurl)
    return 2;
 
  /* This is the URL for your mailserver */ 
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "smtp://mail.example.com");
 
  /* Note that this option isn't strictly required, omitting it will result in
   * libcurl sending the MAIL FROM command with empty sender data. All
   * autoresponses should have an empty reverse-path, and should be directed
   * to the address in the reverse-path which triggered them. Otherwise, they
   * could cause an endless loop. See RFC 5321 Section 4.5.5 for more details.
   */ 
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_MAIL_FROM, FROM);
 
  /* Add two recipients, in this particular case they correspond to the
   * To: and Cc: addressees in the header, but they could be any kind of
   * recipient. */ 
  recipients = curl_slist_append(recipients, TO);
  recipients = curl_slist_append(recipients, CC);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_MAIL_RCPT, recipients);
 
  /* We're using a callback function to specify the payload (the headers and
   * body of the message). You could just use the CURLOPT_READDATA option to
   * specify a FILE pointer to read from. */ 
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, payload_source);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READDATA, &upload_ctx);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1L);
 
  /* Tell the multi stack about our easy handle */ 
  curl_multi_add_handle(mcurl, curl);
 
  /* Record the start time which we can use later */ 
  mp_start = tvnow();
 
  /* We start some action by calling perform right away */ 
  curl_multi_perform(mcurl, &still_running);
 
  while(still_running) {
    struct timeval timeout;
    fd_set fdread;
    fd_set fdwrite;
    fd_set fdexcep;
    int maxfd = -1;
    int rc;
 
    long curl_timeo = -1;
 
    /* Initialise the file descriptors */ 
    FD_ZERO(&fdread);
    FD_ZERO(&fdwrite);
    FD_ZERO(&fdexcep);
 
    /* Set a suitable timeout to play around with */ 
    timeout.tv_sec = 1;
    timeout.tv_usec = 0;
 
    curl_multi_timeout(mcurl, &curl_timeo);
    if(curl_timeo >= 0) {
      timeout.tv_sec = curl_timeo / 1000;
      if(timeout.tv_sec > 1)
        timeout.tv_sec = 1;
      else
        timeout.tv_usec = (curl_timeo % 1000) * 1000;
    }
 
    /* Get file descriptors from the transfers */ 
    curl_multi_fdset(mcurl, &fdread, &fdwrite, &fdexcep, &maxfd);
 
    /* In a real-world program you OF COURSE check the return code of the
       function calls.  On success, the value of maxfd is guaranteed to be
       greater or equal than -1.  We call select(maxfd + 1, ...), specially in
       case of (maxfd == -1), we call select(0, ...), which is basically equal
       to sleep. */ 
    rc = select(maxfd+1, &fdread, &fdwrite, &fdexcep, &timeout);
 
    if(tvdiff(tvnow(), mp_start) > MULTI_PERFORM_HANG_TIMEOUT) {
      fprintf(stderr,
              "ABORTING: Since it seems that we would have run forever.\n");
      break;
    }
 
    switch(rc) {
    case -1:  /* select error */ 
      break;
    case 0:   /* timeout */ 
    default:  /* action */ 
      curl_multi_perform(mcurl, &still_running);
      break;
    }
  }
 
  /* Free the list of recipients */ 
  curl_slist_free_all(recipients);
 
  /* Always cleanup */ 
  curl_multi_remove_handle(mcurl, curl);
  curl_multi_cleanup(mcurl);
  curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  curl_global_cleanup();
 
  return 0;
}

You'll also find all examples in the distribution archive, in the docs/examples directory.