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NTLM credentials not-checked for proxy connection re-use

Project cURL Security Advisory, January 27th 2016 - Permalink

VULNERABILITY

libcurl will reuse NTLM-authenticated proxy connections without properly making sure that the connection was authenticated with the same credentials as set for this transfer.

libcurl maintains a pool of connections after a transfer has completed. The pool of connections is then gone through when a new transfer is requested and if there's a live connection available that can be reused, it is preferred instead of creating a new one.

Since NTLM-based authentication is connection oriented instead of request oriented as other HTTP based authentication, it is important that only connections that have been authenticated with the correct username + password are reused. This was done properly for server connections already, but libcurl failed to do it properly for proxy connections using NTLM.

A libcurl application can easily switch user credentials used for a proxy connection between two requests, and that subsequent transfer then MUST make libcurl use another connection. libcurl previously failed to do so.

The effects of this flaw, is that the application could be reusing a proxy connection using the previously used credentials and thus it could be given to or prevented access from resources that it wasn't intended to.

This problem is very similar to CVE-2014-0015, which was for direct server connections while this is for proxy connections.

We are not aware of any exploit of this flaw.

INFO

This flaw can also affect the curl command line tool if a similar operation series is made with that.

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CVE-2016-0755 to this issue.

AFFECTED VERSIONS

This flaw is relevant for

libcurl is used by many applications, but not always advertised as such!

THE SOLUTION

In version 7.47.0, libcurl properly verifies the credentials for NTLM proxies and only reuses a connection if there there is a match.

A patch for this problem that changes the default is available at:

https://curl.haxx.se/CVE-2016-0755.patch

RECOMMENDATIONS

We suggest you take one of the following actions immediately, in order of preference:

A - Upgrade curl and libcurl to version 7.47.0

B - Apply the patch to your version and rebuild

C - Avoid NTLM with proxies, or if you use NTLM with proxies, make sure you close all the libcurl handles if you ever change proxy credentials so that libcurl won't get a chance to reuse the wrong connection.

TIME LINE

It was first reported to the curl project on January 13 2016. We contacted distros@openwall on January 21.

libcurl 7.47.0 was released on January 27 2016, coordinated with the publication of this advisory.

CREDITS

Reported and patched by Isaac Boukris.

Thanks a lot!