curl / Docs / Protocols / HTTP/3 with curl

HTTP3 (and QUIC)

Resources

HTTP/3 Explained - the online free book describing the protocols involved.

QUIC implementation - the wiki page describing the plan for how to support QUIC and HTTP/3 in curl and libcurl.

quicwg.org - home of the official protocol drafts

QUIC libraries

QUIC libraries we're experimenting with:

ngtcp2

quiche

Experimental!

HTTP/3 and QUIC support in curl is considered EXPERIMENTAL until further notice. It needs to be enabled at build-time.

Further development and tweaking of the HTTP/3 support in curl will happen in in the master branch using pull-requests, just like ordinary changes.

ngtcp2 version

Build with OpenSSL

Build (patched) OpenSSL

 % git clone --depth 1 -b OpenSSL_1_1_1g-quic-draft-29 https://github.com/tatsuhiro-t/openssl
 % cd openssl
 % ./config enable-tls1_3 --prefix=<somewhere1>
 % make
 % make install_sw

Build nghttp3

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/ngtcp2/nghttp3
 % cd nghttp3
 % autoreconf -i
 % ./configure --prefix=<somewhere2> --enable-lib-only
 % make
 % make install

Build ngtcp2

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/ngtcp2/ngtcp2
 % cd ngtcp2
 % autoreconf -i
 % ./configure PKG_CONFIG_PATH=<somewhere1>/lib/pkgconfig:<somewhere2>/lib/pkgconfig LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath,<somewhere1>/lib" --prefix=<somewhere3>
 % make
 % make install

Build curl

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/curl/curl
 % cd curl
 % ./buildconf
 % LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath,<somewhere1>/lib" ./configure --with-ssl=<somewhere1> --with-nghttp3=<somewhere2> --with-ngtcp2=<somewhere3> --enable-alt-svc
 % make

Build with GnuTLS

Build (patched) GnuTLS

 % git clone --depth 1 -b tmp-quic https://gitlab.com/gnutls/gnutls.git
 % cd gnutls
 % ./bootstrap
 % ./configure --disable-doc --prefix=<somewhere1>
 % make
 % make install

Build nghttp3

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/ngtcp2/nghttp3
 % cd nghttp3
 % autoreconf -i
 % ./configure --prefix=<somewhere2> --enable-lib-only
 % make
 % make install

Build ngtcp2

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/ngtcp2/ngtcp2
 % cd ngtcp2
 % autoreconf -i
 % ./configure PKG_CONFIG_PATH=<somewhere1>/lib/pkgconfig:<somewhere2>/lib/pkgconfig LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath,<somewhere1>/lib" --prefix=<somewhere3>
 % make
 % make install

Build curl

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/curl/curl
 % cd curl
 % ./buildconf
 % ./configure --without-ssl --with-gnutls=<somewhere1> --with-nghttp3=<somewhere2> --with-ngtcp2=<somewhere3> --enable-alt-svc
 % make

quiche version

build

Build quiche and BoringSSL:

 % git clone --recursive https://github.com/cloudflare/quiche
 % cd quiche
 % cargo build --release --features pkg-config-meta,qlog
 % mkdir deps/boringssl/src/lib
 % ln -vnf $(find target/release -name libcrypto.a -o -name libssl.a) deps/boringssl/src/lib/

Build curl:

 % cd ..
 % git clone https://github.com/curl/curl
 % cd curl
 % ./buildconf
 % ./configure LDFLAGS="-Wl,-rpath,$PWD/../quiche/target/release" --with-ssl=$PWD/../quiche/deps/boringssl/src --with-quiche=$PWD/../quiche/target/release --enable-alt-svc
 % make

Run

Use HTTP/3 directly:

curl --http3 https://nghttp2.org:8443/

Upgrade via Alt-Svc:

curl --alt-svc altsvc.cache https://quic.aiortc.org/

See this list of public HTTP/3 servers