Pass a pointer to a zero terminated string as parameter. The string can be the file name of your pinned public key. The file format expected is "PEM" or "DER". The string can also be any number of base64 encoded sha256 hashes preceded by "sha256//" and separated by ";"
When negotiating a TLS or SSL connection, the https proxy sends a certificate indicating its identity. A public key is extracted from this certificate and if it does not exactly match the public key provided to this option, curl will abort the connection before sending or receiving any data.
On mismatch, CURLE_SSL_PINNEDPUBKEYNOTMATCH is returned.
PUBLIC KEY EXTRACTION
If you do not have the https proxy server's public key file you can extract it from the https proxy server's certificate.
# retrieve the server's certificate if you don't already have it # # be sure to examine the certificate to see if it is what you expected # # Windows-specific: # - Use NUL instead of /dev/null. # - OpenSSL may wait for input instead of disconnecting. Hit enter. # - If you don't have sed, then just copy the certificate into a file: # Lines from -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- to -----END CERTIFICATE-----. # openssl s_client -servername www.example.com -connect www.example.com:443 < /dev/null | sed -n "/-----BEGIN/,/-----END/p" > www.example.com.pem # extract public key in pem format from certificate openssl x509 -in www.example.com.pem -pubkey -noout > www.example.com.pubkey.pem # convert public key from pem to der openssl asn1parse -noout -inform pem -in www.example.com.pubkey.pem -out www.example.com.pubkey.der # sha256 hash and base64 encode der to string for use openssl dgst -sha256 -binary www.example.com.pubkey.der | openssl base64
The public key in PEM format contains a header, base64 data and a footer:
-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY----- [BASE 64 DATA] -----END PUBLIC KEY-----
7.52.0: GSKit, GnuTLS, NSS, OpenSSL, PolarSSL, mbedtls, wolfSSL/CyaSSL
7.52.0: GnuTLS, NSS, OpenSSL, PolarSSL, mbedtls, wolfSSL/CyaSSL
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