curl / libcurl / API / Examples / asiohiper.cpp

asiohiper.cpp

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/***************************************************************************
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 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
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 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 - 2017, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/ 
 
/* <DESC>
 * demonstrate the use of multi socket interface with boost::asio
 * </DESC>
 */ 
/*
 * This program is in c++ and uses boost::asio instead of libevent/libev.
 * Requires boost::asio, boost::bind and boost::system
 *
 * This is an adaptation of libcurl's "hiperfifo.c" and "evhiperfifo.c"
 * sample programs. This example implements a subset of the functionality from
 * hiperfifo.c, for full functionality refer hiperfifo.c or evhiperfifo.c
 *
 * Written by Lijo Antony based on hiperfifo.c by Jeff Pohlmeyer
 *
 * When running, the program creates an easy handle for a URL and
 * uses the curl_multi API to fetch it.
 *
 * Note:
 *  For the sake of simplicity, URL is hard coded to "www.google.com"
 *
 * This is purely a demo app, all retrieved data is simply discarded by the
 * write callback.
 */ 
 
 
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include <boost/asio.hpp>
#include <boost/bind.hpp>
#include <iostream>
 
#define MSG_OUT stdout  
 
/* boost::asio related objects
 * using global variables for simplicity
 */ 
boost::asio::io_service io_service;
boost::asio::deadline_timer timer(io_service);
std::map<curl_socket_t, boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket *> socket_map;
 
/* Global information, common to all connections */ 
typedef struct _GlobalInfo
{
  CURLM *multi;
  int still_running;
} GlobalInfo;
 
/* Information associated with a specific easy handle */ 
typedef struct _ConnInfo
{
  CURL *easy;
  char *url;
  GlobalInfo *global;
  char error[CURL_ERROR_SIZE];
} ConnInfo;
 
static void timer_cb(const boost::system::error_code & error, GlobalInfo *g);
 
/* Update the event timer after curl_multi library calls */ 
static int multi_timer_cb(CURLM *multi, long timeout_ms, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nmulti_timer_cb: timeout_ms %ld", timeout_ms);
 
  /* cancel running timer */ 
  timer.cancel();
 
  if(timeout_ms > 0) {
    /* update timer */ 
    timer.expires_from_now(boost::posix_time::millisec(timeout_ms));
    timer.async_wait(boost::bind(&timer_cb, _1, g));
  }
  else if(timeout_ms == 0) {
    /* call timeout function immediately */ 
    boost::system::error_code error; /*success*/ 
    timer_cb(error, g);
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
/* Die if we get a bad CURLMcode somewhere */ 
static void mcode_or_die(const char *where, CURLMcode code)
{
  if(CURLM_OK != code) {
    const char *s;
    switch(code) {
    case CURLM_CALL_MULTI_PERFORM:
      s = "CURLM_CALL_MULTI_PERFORM";
      break;
    case CURLM_BAD_HANDLE:
      s = "CURLM_BAD_HANDLE";
      break;
    case CURLM_BAD_EASY_HANDLE:
      s = "CURLM_BAD_EASY_HANDLE";
      break;
    case CURLM_OUT_OF_MEMORY:
      s = "CURLM_OUT_OF_MEMORY";
      break;
    case CURLM_INTERNAL_ERROR:
      s = "CURLM_INTERNAL_ERROR";
      break;
    case CURLM_UNKNOWN_OPTION:
      s = "CURLM_UNKNOWN_OPTION";
      break;
    case CURLM_LAST:
      s = "CURLM_LAST";
      break;
    default:
      s = "CURLM_unknown";
      break;
    case CURLM_BAD_SOCKET:
      s = "CURLM_BAD_SOCKET";
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nERROR: %s returns %s", where, s);
      /* ignore this error */ 
      return;
    }
 
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nERROR: %s returns %s", where, s);
 
    exit(code);
  }
}
 
/* Check for completed transfers, and remove their easy handles */ 
static void check_multi_info(GlobalInfo *g)
{
  char *eff_url;
  CURLMsg *msg;
  int msgs_left;
  ConnInfo *conn;
  CURL *easy;
  CURLcode res;
 
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nREMAINING: %d", g->still_running);
 
  while((msg = curl_multi_info_read(g->multi, &msgs_left))) {
    if(msg->msg == CURLMSG_DONE) {
      easy = msg->easy_handle;
      res = msg->data.result;
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy, CURLINFO_PRIVATE, &conn);
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL, &eff_url);
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nDONE: %s => (%d) %s", eff_url, res, conn->error);
      curl_multi_remove_handle(g->multi, easy);
      free(conn->url);
      curl_easy_cleanup(easy);
      free(conn);
    }
  }
}
 
/* Called by asio when there is an action on a socket */ 
static void event_cb(GlobalInfo *g, curl_socket_t s,
                     int action, const boost::system::error_code & error,
                     int *fdp)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nevent_cb: action=%d", action);
 
  if(socket_map.find(s) == socket_map.end()) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nevent_cb: socket already closed");
    return;
  }
 
  /* make sure the event matches what are wanted */ 
  if(*fdp == action || *fdp == CURL_POLL_INOUT) {
    CURLMcode rc;
    if(error)
      action = CURL_CSELECT_ERR;
    rc = curl_multi_socket_action(g->multi, s, action, &g->still_running);
 
    mcode_or_die("event_cb: curl_multi_socket_action", rc);
    check_multi_info(g);
 
    if(g->still_running <= 0) {
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nlast transfer done, kill timeout");
      timer.cancel();
    }
 
    /* keep on watching.
     * the socket may have been closed and/or fdp may have been changed
     * in curl_multi_socket_action(), so check them both */ 
    if(!error && socket_map.find(s) != socket_map.end() &&
       (*fdp == action || *fdp == CURL_POLL_INOUT)) {
      boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket *tcp_socket = socket_map.find(s)->second;
 
      if(action == CURL_POLL_IN) {
        tcp_socket->async_read_some(boost::asio::null_buffers(),
                                    boost::bind(&event_cb, g, s,
                                                action, _1, fdp));
      }
      if(action == CURL_POLL_OUT) {
        tcp_socket->async_write_some(boost::asio::null_buffers(),
                                     boost::bind(&event_cb, g, s,
                                                 action, _1, fdp));
      }
    }
  }
}
 
/* Called by asio when our timeout expires */ 
static void timer_cb(const boost::system::error_code & error, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  if(!error) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\ntimer_cb: ");
 
    CURLMcode rc;
    rc = curl_multi_socket_action(g->multi, CURL_SOCKET_TIMEOUT, 0,
                                  &g->still_running);
 
    mcode_or_die("timer_cb: curl_multi_socket_action", rc);
    check_multi_info(g);
  }
}
 
/* Clean up any data */ 
static void remsock(int *f, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nremsock: ");
 
  if(f) {
    free(f);
  }
}
 
static void setsock(int *fdp, curl_socket_t s, CURL *e, int act, int oldact,
                    GlobalInfo *g)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nsetsock: socket=%d, act=%d, fdp=%p", s, act, fdp);
 
  std::map<curl_socket_t, boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket *>::iterator it =
    socket_map.find(s);
 
  if(it == socket_map.end()) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nsocket %d is a c-ares socket, ignoring", s);
    return;
  }
 
  boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket * tcp_socket = it->second;
 
  *fdp = act;
 
  if(act == CURL_POLL_IN) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nwatching for socket to become readable");
    if(oldact != CURL_POLL_IN && oldact != CURL_POLL_INOUT) {
      tcp_socket->async_read_some(boost::asio::null_buffers(),
                                  boost::bind(&event_cb, g, s,
                                              CURL_POLL_IN, _1, fdp));
    }
  }
  else if(act == CURL_POLL_OUT) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nwatching for socket to become writable");
    if(oldact != CURL_POLL_OUT && oldact != CURL_POLL_INOUT) {
      tcp_socket->async_write_some(boost::asio::null_buffers(),
                                   boost::bind(&event_cb, g, s,
                                               CURL_POLL_OUT, _1, fdp));
    }
  }
  else if(act == CURL_POLL_INOUT) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nwatching for socket to become readable & writable");
    if(oldact != CURL_POLL_IN && oldact != CURL_POLL_INOUT) {
      tcp_socket->async_read_some(boost::asio::null_buffers(),
                                  boost::bind(&event_cb, g, s,
                                              CURL_POLL_IN, _1, fdp));
    }
    if(oldact != CURL_POLL_OUT && oldact != CURL_POLL_INOUT) {
      tcp_socket->async_write_some(boost::asio::null_buffers(),
                                   boost::bind(&event_cb, g, s,
                                               CURL_POLL_OUT, _1, fdp));
    }
  }
}
 
static void addsock(curl_socket_t s, CURL *easy, int action, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  /* fdp is used to store current action */ 
  int *fdp = (int *) calloc(sizeof(int), 1);
 
  setsock(fdp, s, easy, action, 0, g);
  curl_multi_assign(g->multi, s, fdp);
}
 
/* CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION */ 
static int sock_cb(CURL *e, curl_socket_t s, int what, void *cbp, void *sockp)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nsock_cb: socket=%d, what=%d, sockp=%p", s, what, sockp);
 
  GlobalInfo *g = (GlobalInfo*) cbp;
  int *actionp = (int *) sockp;
  const char *whatstr[] = { "none", "IN", "OUT", "INOUT", "REMOVE"};
 
  fprintf(MSG_OUT,
          "\nsocket callback: s=%d e=%p what=%s ", s, e, whatstr[what]);
 
  if(what == CURL_POLL_REMOVE) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\n");
    remsock(actionp, g);
  }
  else {
    if(!actionp) {
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nAdding data: %s", whatstr[what]);
      addsock(s, e, what, g);
    }
    else {
      fprintf(MSG_OUT,
              "\nChanging action from %s to %s",
              whatstr[*actionp], whatstr[what]);
      setsock(actionp, s, e, what, *actionp, g);
    }
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
/* CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION */ 
static size_t write_cb(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *data)
{
  size_t written = size * nmemb;
  char *pBuffer = (char *)malloc(written + 1);
 
  strncpy(pBuffer, (const char *)ptr, written);
  pBuffer[written] = '\0';
 
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "%s", pBuffer);
 
  free(pBuffer);
 
  return written;
}
 
/* CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION */ 
static int prog_cb(void *p, double dltotal, double dlnow, double ult,
                   double uln)
{
  ConnInfo *conn = (ConnInfo *)p;
 
  (void)ult;
  (void)uln;
 
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nProgress: %s (%g/%g)", conn->url, dlnow, dltotal);
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nProgress: %s (%g)", conn->url, ult);
 
  return 0;
}
 
/* CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION */ 
static curl_socket_t opensocket(void *clientp, curlsocktype purpose,
                                struct curl_sockaddr *address)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nopensocket :");
 
  curl_socket_t sockfd = CURL_SOCKET_BAD;
 
  /* restrict to IPv4 */ 
  if(purpose == CURLSOCKTYPE_IPCXN && address->family == AF_INET) {
    /* create a tcp socket object */ 
    boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket *tcp_socket =
      new boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket(io_service);
 
    /* open it and get the native handle*/ 
    boost::system::error_code ec;
    tcp_socket->open(boost::asio::ip::tcp::v4(), ec);
 
    if(ec) {
      /* An error occurred */ 
      std::cout << std::endl << "Couldn't open socket [" << ec << "][" <<
        ec.message() << "]";
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nERROR: Returning CURL_SOCKET_BAD to signal error");
    }
    else {
      sockfd = tcp_socket->native_handle();
      fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nOpened socket %d", sockfd);
 
      /* save it for monitoring */ 
      socket_map.insert(std::pair<curl_socket_t,
                        boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket *>(sockfd, tcp_socket));
    }
  }
 
  return sockfd;
}
 
/* CURLOPT_CLOSESOCKETFUNCTION */ 
static int close_socket(void *clientp, curl_socket_t item)
{
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\nclose_socket : %d", item);
 
  std::map<curl_socket_t, boost::asio::ip::tcp::socket *>::iterator it =
    socket_map.find(item);
 
  if(it != socket_map.end()) {
    delete it->second;
    socket_map.erase(it);
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
/* Create a new easy handle, and add it to the global curl_multi */ 
static void new_conn(char *url, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  ConnInfo *conn;
  CURLMcode rc;
 
  conn = (ConnInfo *) calloc(1, sizeof(ConnInfo));
 
  conn->easy = curl_easy_init();
  if(!conn->easy) {
    fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\ncurl_easy_init() failed, exiting!");
    exit(2);
  }
 
  conn->global = g;
  conn->url = strdup(url);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_URL, conn->url);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, write_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, &conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_ERRORBUFFER, conn->error);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PRIVATE, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION, prog_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PROGRESSDATA, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_TIME, 3L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT, 10L);
 
  /* call this function to get a socket */ 
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION, opensocket);
 
  /* call this function to close a socket */ 
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_CLOSESOCKETFUNCTION, close_socket);
 
  fprintf(MSG_OUT,
          "\nAdding easy %p to multi %p (%s)", conn->easy, g->multi, url);
  rc = curl_multi_add_handle(g->multi, conn->easy);
  mcode_or_die("new_conn: curl_multi_add_handle", rc);
 
  /* note that the add_handle() will set a time-out to trigger very soon so
     that the necessary socket_action() call will be called by this app */ 
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  GlobalInfo g;
 
  (void)argc;
  (void)argv;
 
  memset(&g, 0, sizeof(GlobalInfo));
  g.multi = curl_multi_init();
 
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION, sock_cb);
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_SOCKETDATA, &g);
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_TIMERFUNCTION, multi_timer_cb);
  curl_multi_setopt(g.multi, CURLMOPT_TIMERDATA, &g);
 
  new_conn((char *)"www.google.com", &g);  /* add a URL */ 
 
  /* enter io_service run loop */ 
  io_service.run();
 
  curl_multi_cleanup(g.multi);
 
  fprintf(MSG_OUT, "\ndone.\n");
 
  return 0;
}