cURL / libcurl / API / libcurl

curl_multi_wait - polls on all easy handles in a multi handle


curl_multi_wait - polls on all easy handles in a multi handle


#include <curl/curl.h>
CURLMcode curl_multi_wait(CURLM *multi_handle,
                          struct curl_waitfd extra_fds[],
                          unsigned int extra_nfds,
                          int timeout_ms,
                          int *numfds);


curl_multi_wait polls all file descriptors used by the curl easy handles contained in the given multi handle set. It will block until activity is detected on at least one of the handles or timeout_ms has passed. Alternatively, if the multi handle has a pending internal timeout that has a shorter expiry time than timeout_ms, that shorter time will be used instead to make sure timeout accuracy is reasonably kept.

The calling application may pass additional curl_waitfd structures which are similar to poll(2)'s pollfd structure to be waited on in the same call.

On completion, if numfds is non-NULL, it will be populated with the total number of file descriptors on which interesting events occurred. This number can include both libcurl internal descriptors as well as descriptors provided in extra_fds.

If no extra file descriptors are provided and libcurl has no file descriptor to offer to wait for, this function will return immediately.

This function is encouraged to be used instead of select(3) when using the multi interface to allow applications to easier circumvent the common problem with 1024 maximum file descriptors.


struct curl_waitfd {
  curl_socket_t fd;
  short events;
  short revents;


Bit flag to indicating the socket should poll on read events such as new data received.


Bit flag to indicating the socket should poll on high priority read events such as out of band data.


Bit flag to indicating the socket should poll on write events such as the socket being clear to write without blocking.


CURL *easy_handle;
CURLM *multi_handle;
/* add the individual easy handle */
curl_multi_add_handle(multi_handle, easy_handle);
do {
  CURLMcode mc;
  int numfds;
  mc = curl_multi_perform(multi_handle, &still_running);
  if(mc == CURLM_OK ) {
    /* wait for activity, timeout or "nothing" */
    mc = curl_multi_wait(multi_handle, NULL, 0, 1000, &numfds);
  if(mc != CURLM_OK) {
    fprintf(stderr, "curl_multi failed, code %d.n", mc);
  /* 'numfds' being zero means either a timeout or no file descriptors to
     wait for. Try timeout on first occurrence, then assume no file
     descriptors and no file descriptors to wait for means wait for 100
     milliseconds. */
  if(!numfds) {
    repeats++; /* count number of repeated zero numfds */
    if(repeats > 1) {
      WAITMS(100); /* sleep 100 milliseconds */
    repeats = 0;
} while(still_running);
curl_multi_remove_handle(multi_handle, easy_handle);


CURLMcode type, general libcurl multi interface error code. See libcurl-errors


This function was added in libcurl 7.28.0.


curl_multi_fdset, curl_multi_perform

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