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curlx.c

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/*
  curlx.c  Authors: Peter Sylvester, Jean-Paul Merlin
 
  This is a little program to demonstrate the usage of
 
  - an ssl initialisation callback setting a user key and trustbases
  coming from a pkcs12 file
  - using an ssl application callback to find a URI in the
  certificate presented during ssl session establishment.
 
*/ 
/* <DESC>
 * demonstrates use of SSL context callback, requires OpenSSL
 * </DESC>
 */ 
 
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2003 The OpenEvidence Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions, the following disclaimer,
 *    and the original OpenSSL and SSLeay Licences below.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions, the following disclaimer
 *    and the original OpenSSL and SSLeay Licences below in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgments:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the Openevidence Project
 *    for use in the OpenEvidence Toolkit. (http://www.openevidence.org/)"
 *    This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (https://www.openssl.org/)"
 *    This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 *    (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 *    Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)."
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenEvidence Toolkit" and "OpenEvidence Project" must not be
 *    used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openevidence-core@openevidence.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenEvidence"
 *    nor may "OpenEvidence" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenEvidence Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgments:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenEvidence Project
 *    for use in the OpenEvidence Toolkit (http://www.openevidence.org/)
 *    This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (https://www.openssl.org/)"
 *    This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 *    (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 *    Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)."
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenEvidence PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenEvidence PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 * for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (https://www.openssl.org/)
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */ 
 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include <openssl/x509v3.h>
#include <openssl/x509_vfy.h>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
#include <openssl/lhash.h>
#include <openssl/objects.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/x509.h>
#include <openssl/pkcs12.h>
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/ssl.h>
 
static const char *curlx_usage[]={
  "usage: curlx args\n",
  " -p12 arg         - tia  file ",
  " -envpass arg     - environment variable which content the tia private"
  " key password",
  " -out arg         - output file (response)- default stdout",
  " -in arg          - input file (request)- default stdin",
  " -connect arg     - URL of the server for the connection ex:"
  " www.openevidence.org",
  " -mimetype arg    - MIME type for data in ex : application/timestamp-query"
  " or application/dvcs -default application/timestamp-query",
  " -acceptmime arg  - MIME type acceptable for the response ex : "
  "application/timestamp-response or application/dvcs -default none",
  " -accesstype arg  - an Object identifier in an AIA/SIA method, e.g."
  " AD_DVCS or ad_timestamping",
  NULL
};
 
/*
 
./curlx -p12 psy.p12 -envpass XX -in request -verbose -accesstype AD_DVCS
-mimetype application/dvcs -acceptmime application/dvcs -out response
 
*/ 
 
/*
 * We use this ZERO_NULL to avoid picky compiler warnings,
 * when assigning a NULL pointer to a function pointer var.
 */ 
 
#define ZERO_NULL 0
 
/* This is a context that we pass to all callbacks */ 
 
typedef struct sslctxparm_st {
  unsigned char *p12file;
  const char *pst;
  PKCS12 *p12;
  EVP_PKEY *pkey;
  X509 *usercert;
  STACK_OF(X509) * ca;
  CURL *curl;
  BIO *errorbio;
  int accesstype;
  int verbose;
 
} sslctxparm;
 
/* some helper function. */ 
 
static char *ia5string(ASN1_IA5STRING *ia5)
{
  char *tmp;
  if(!ia5 || !ia5->length)
    return NULL;
  tmp = OPENSSL_malloc(ia5->length + 1);
  memcpy(tmp, ia5->data, ia5->length);
  tmp[ia5->length] = 0;
  return tmp;
}
 
/* A convenience routine to get an access URI. */ 
static unsigned char *my_get_ext(X509 *cert, const int type,
                                 int extensiontype)
{
  int i;
  STACK_OF(ACCESS_DESCRIPTION) * accessinfo;
  accessinfo =  X509_get_ext_d2i(cert, extensiontype, NULL, NULL);
 
  if(!sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_num(accessinfo))
    return NULL;
  for(i = 0; i < sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_num(accessinfo); i++) {
    ACCESS_DESCRIPTION * ad = sk_ACCESS_DESCRIPTION_value(accessinfo, i);
    if(OBJ_obj2nid(ad->method) == type) {
      if(ad->location->type == GEN_URI) {
        return ia5string(ad->location->d.ia5);
      }
      return NULL;
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}
 
/* This is an application verification call back, it does not
   perform any addition verification but tries to find a URL
   in the presented certificate. If found, this will become
   the URL to be used in the POST.
*/ 
 
static int ssl_app_verify_callback(X509_STORE_CTX *ctx, void *arg)
{
  sslctxparm * p = (sslctxparm *) arg;
  int ok;
 
  if(p->verbose > 2)
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "entering ssl_app_verify_callback\n");
 
  ok = X509_verify_cert(ctx);
  if(ok && ctx->cert) {
    unsigned char *accessinfo;
    if(p->verbose > 1)
      X509_print_ex(p->errorbio, ctx->cert, 0, 0);
 
    accessinfo = my_get_ext(ctx->cert, p->accesstype, NID_sinfo_access);
    if(accessinfo) {
      if(p->verbose)
        BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "Setting URL from SIA to: %s\n", accessinfo);
 
      curl_easy_setopt(p->curl, CURLOPT_URL, accessinfo);
    }
    else if(accessinfo = my_get_ext(ctx->cert, p->accesstype,
                                    NID_info_access)) {
      if(p->verbose)
        BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "Setting URL from AIA to: %s\n", accessinfo);
 
      curl_easy_setopt(p->curl, CURLOPT_URL, accessinfo);
    }
  }
  if(p->verbose > 2)
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "leaving ssl_app_verify_callback with %d\n", ok);
 
  return ok;
}
 
 
/* The SSL initialisation callback. The callback sets:
   - a private key and certificate
   - a trusted ca certificate
   - a preferred cipherlist
   - an application verification callback (the function above)
*/ 
 
static CURLcode sslctxfun(CURL *curl, void *sslctx, void *parm)
{
  sslctxparm *p = (sslctxparm *) parm;
  SSL_CTX *ctx = (SSL_CTX *) sslctx;
 
  if(!SSL_CTX_use_certificate(ctx, p->usercert)) {
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "SSL_CTX_use_certificate problem\n");
    goto err;
  }
  if(!SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey(ctx, p->pkey)) {
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey\n");
    goto err;
  }
 
  if(!SSL_CTX_check_private_key(ctx)) {
    BIO_printf(p->errorbio, "SSL_CTX_check_private_key\n");
    goto err;
  }
 
  SSL_CTX_set_quiet_shutdown(ctx, 1);
  SSL_CTX_set_cipher_list(ctx, "RC4-MD5");
  SSL_CTX_set_mode(ctx, SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY);
 
  X509_STORE_add_cert(SSL_CTX_get_cert_store(ctx),
                      sk_X509_value(p->ca, sk_X509_num(p->ca)-1));
 
  SSL_CTX_set_verify_depth(ctx, 2);
  SSL_CTX_set_verify(ctx, SSL_VERIFY_PEER, ZERO_NULL);
  SSL_CTX_set_cert_verify_callback(ctx, ssl_app_verify_callback, parm);
 
  return CURLE_OK;
  err:
  ERR_print_errors(p->errorbio);
  return CURLE_SSL_CERTPROBLEM;
 
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  BIO* in = NULL;
  BIO* out = NULL;
 
  char *outfile = NULL;
  char *infile = NULL;
 
  int tabLength = 100;
  char *binaryptr;
  char *mimetype;
  char *mimetypeaccept = NULL;
  char *contenttype;
  const char **pp;
  unsigned char *hostporturl = NULL;
  BIO *p12bio;
  char **args = argv + 1;
  unsigned char *serverurl;
  sslctxparm p;
  char *response;
 
  CURLcode res;
  struct curl_slist *headers = NULL;
  int badarg = 0;
 
  binaryptr = malloc(tabLength);
 
  p.verbose = 0;
  p.errorbio = BIO_new_fp(stderr, BIO_NOCLOSE);
 
  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);
 
  /* we need some more for the P12 decoding */ 
 
  OpenSSL_add_all_ciphers();
  OpenSSL_add_all_digests();
  ERR_load_crypto_strings();
 
  while(*args && *args[0] == '-') {
    if(!strcmp (*args, "-in")) {
      if(args[1]) {
        infile = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(!strcmp (*args, "-out")) {
      if(args[1]) {
        outfile = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(!strcmp (*args, "-p12")) {
      if(args[1]) {
        p.p12file = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-envpass") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        p.pst = getenv(*(++args));
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-connect") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        hostporturl = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-mimetype") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        mimetype = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-acceptmime") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        mimetypeaccept = *(++args);
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-accesstype") == 0) {
      if(args[1]) {
        p.accesstype = OBJ_obj2nid(OBJ_txt2obj(*++args, 0));
        if(p.accesstype == 0)
          badarg = 1;
      }
      else
        badarg = 1;
    }
    else if(strcmp(*args, "-verbose") == 0) {
      p.verbose++;
    }
    else
      badarg = 1;
    args++;
  }
 
  if(mimetype == NULL || mimetypeaccept == NULL)
    badarg = 1;
 
  if(badarg) {
    for(pp = curlx_usage; (*pp != NULL); pp++)
      BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "%s\n", *pp);
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "\n");
    goto err;
  }
 
  /* set input */ 
 
  in = BIO_new(BIO_s_file());
  if(in == NULL) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error setting input bio\n");
    goto err;
  }
  else if(infile == NULL)
    BIO_set_fp(in, stdin, BIO_NOCLOSE|BIO_FP_TEXT);
  else if(BIO_read_filename(in, infile) <= 0) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error opening input file %s\n", infile);
    BIO_free(in);
    goto err;
  }
 
  /* set output  */ 
 
  out = BIO_new(BIO_s_file());
  if(out == NULL) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error setting output bio.\n");
    goto err;
  }
  else if(outfile == NULL)
    BIO_set_fp(out, stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE|BIO_FP_TEXT);
  else if(BIO_write_filename(out, outfile) <= 0) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error opening output file %s\n", outfile);
    BIO_free(out);
    goto err;
  }
 
 
  p.errorbio = BIO_new_fp(stderr, BIO_NOCLOSE);
 
  p.curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(!p.curl) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Cannot init curl lib\n");
    goto err;
  }
 
  p12bio = BIO_new_file(p.p12file, "rb");
  if(!p12bio) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Error opening P12 file %s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }
  p.p12 = d2i_PKCS12_bio(p12bio, NULL);
  if(!p.p12) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Cannot decode P12 structure %s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }
 
  p.ca = NULL;
  if(!(PKCS12_parse (p.p12, p.pst, &(p.pkey), &(p.usercert), &(p.ca) ) )) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Invalid P12 structure in %s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }
 
  if(sk_X509_num(p.ca) <= 0) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "No trustworthy CA given.%s\n", p.p12file);
    goto err;
  }
 
  if(p.verbose > 1)
    X509_print_ex(p.errorbio, p.usercert, 0, 0);
 
  /* determine URL to go */ 
 
  if(hostporturl) {
    size_t len = strlen(hostporturl) + 9;
    serverurl = malloc(len);
    snprintf(serverurl, len, "https://%s", hostporturl);
  }
  else if(p.accesstype != 0) { /* see whether we can find an AIA or SIA for a
                                  given access type */ 
    serverurl = my_get_ext(p.usercert, p.accesstype, NID_info_access);
    if(!serverurl) {
      int j = 0;
      BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "no service URL in user cert "
                 "cherching in others certificats\n");
      for(j = 0; j<sk_X509_num(p.ca); j++) {
        serverurl = my_get_ext(sk_X509_value(p.ca, j), p.accesstype,
                               NID_info_access);
        if(serverurl)
          break;
        serverurl = my_get_ext(sk_X509_value(p.ca, j), p.accesstype,
                               NID_sinfo_access);
        if(serverurl)
          break;
      }
    }
  }
 
  if(!serverurl) {
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "no service URL in certificats,"
               " check '-accesstype (AD_DVCS | ad_timestamping)'"
               " or use '-connect'\n");
    goto err;
  }
 
  if(p.verbose)
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Service URL: <%s>\n", serverurl);
 
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_URL, serverurl);
 
  /* Now specify the POST binary data */ 
 
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, binaryptr);
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDSIZE, (long)tabLength);
 
  /* pass our list of custom made headers */ 
 
  contenttype = malloc(15 + strlen(mimetype));
  snprintf(contenttype, 15 + strlen(mimetype), "Content-type: %s", mimetype);
  headers = curl_slist_append(headers, contenttype);
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, headers);
 
  if(p.verbose)
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "Service URL: <%s>\n", serverurl);
 
  {
    FILE *outfp;
    BIO_get_fp(out, &outfp);
    curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, outfp);
  }
 
  res = curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION, sslctxfun);
 
  if(res != CURLE_OK)
    BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "%d %s=%d %d\n", 513,
               "CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION", CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION, res);
 
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_DATA, &p);
 
  {
    char *ptr;
    int lu; int i = 0;
    while((lu = BIO_read(in, &binaryptr[i], tabLength-i)) >0) {
      i += lu;
      if(i == tabLength) {
        tabLength += 100;
        ptr = realloc(binaryptr, tabLength); /* should be more careful */ 
        if(!ptr) {
          /* out of memory */ 
          BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "out of memory (realloc returned NULL)\n");
          goto fail;
        }
        binaryptr = ptr;
        ptr = NULL;
      }
    }
    tabLength = i;
  }
  /* Now specify the POST binary data */ 
 
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, binaryptr);
  curl_easy_setopt(p.curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDSIZE, (long)tabLength);
 
 
  /* Perform the request, res will get the return code */ 
 
  BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "%d %s %d\n", 545, "curl_easy_perform",
             res = curl_easy_perform(p.curl));
  {
    int result = curl_easy_getinfo(p.curl, CURLINFO_CONTENT_TYPE, &response);
    if(mimetypeaccept && p.verbose) {
      if(!strcmp(mimetypeaccept, response))
        BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "the response has a correct mimetype : %s\n",
                   response);
      else
        BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "the response doesn\'t have an acceptable "
                   "mime type, it is %s instead of %s\n",
                   response, mimetypeaccept);
    }
  }
 
  /*** code d'erreur si accept mime ***, egalement code return HTTP != 200 ***/ 
 
/* free the header list*/ 
fail:
  curl_slist_free_all(headers);
 
  /* always cleanup */ 
  curl_easy_cleanup(p.curl);
 
  BIO_free(in);
  BIO_free(out);
  return (EXIT_SUCCESS);
 
  err: BIO_printf(p.errorbio, "error");
  exit(1);
}