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ghiper.c

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 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2017, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
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 *
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 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
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/* <DESC>
 * multi socket API usage together with with glib2
 * </DESC>
 */ 
/* Example application source code using the multi socket interface to
 * download many files at once.
 *
 * Written by Jeff Pohlmeyer
 
 Requires glib-2.x and a (POSIX?) system that has mkfifo().
 
 This is an adaptation of libcurl's "hipev.c" and libevent's "event-test.c"
 sample programs, adapted to use glib's g_io_channel in place of libevent.
 
 When running, the program creates the named pipe "hiper.fifo"
 
 Whenever there is input into the fifo, the program reads the input as a list
 of URL's and creates some new easy handles to fetch each URL via the
 curl_multi "hiper" API.
 
 
 Thus, you can try a single URL:
 % echo http://www.yahoo.com > hiper.fifo
 
 Or a whole bunch of them:
 % cat my-url-list > hiper.fifo
 
 The fifo buffer is handled almost instantly, so you can even add more URL's
 while the previous requests are still being downloaded.
 
 This is purely a demo app, all retrieved data is simply discarded by the write
 callback.
 
*/ 
 
#include <glib.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
 
#define MSG_OUT g_print    
#define SHOW_VERBOSE 0     
#define SHOW_PROGRESS 0    
 
/* Global information, common to all connections */ 
typedef struct _GlobalInfo {
  CURLM *multi;
  guint timer_event;
  int still_running;
} GlobalInfo;
 
/* Information associated with a specific easy handle */ 
typedef struct _ConnInfo {
  CURL *easy;
  char *url;
  GlobalInfo *global;
  char error[CURL_ERROR_SIZE];
} ConnInfo;
 
/* Information associated with a specific socket */ 
typedef struct _SockInfo {
  curl_socket_t sockfd;
  CURL *easy;
  int action;
  long timeout;
  GIOChannel *ch;
  guint ev;
  GlobalInfo *global;
} SockInfo;
 
/* Die if we get a bad CURLMcode somewhere */ 
static void mcode_or_die(const char *where, CURLMcode code)
{
  if(CURLM_OK != code) {
    const char *s;
    switch(code) {
    case     CURLM_BAD_HANDLE:         s = "CURLM_BAD_HANDLE";         break;
    case     CURLM_BAD_EASY_HANDLE:    s = "CURLM_BAD_EASY_HANDLE";    break;
    case     CURLM_OUT_OF_MEMORY:      s = "CURLM_OUT_OF_MEMORY";      break;
    case     CURLM_INTERNAL_ERROR:     s = "CURLM_INTERNAL_ERROR";     break;
    case     CURLM_BAD_SOCKET:         s = "CURLM_BAD_SOCKET";         break;
    case     CURLM_UNKNOWN_OPTION:     s = "CURLM_UNKNOWN_OPTION";     break;
    case     CURLM_LAST:               s = "CURLM_LAST";               break;
    default: s = "CURLM_unknown";
    }
    MSG_OUT("ERROR: %s returns %s\n", where, s);
    exit(code);
  }
}
 
/* Check for completed transfers, and remove their easy handles */ 
static void check_multi_info(GlobalInfo *g)
{
  char *eff_url;
  CURLMsg *msg;
  int msgs_left;
  ConnInfo *conn;
  CURL *easy;
  CURLcode res;
 
  MSG_OUT("REMAINING: %d\n", g->still_running);
  while((msg = curl_multi_info_read(g->multi, &msgs_left))) {
    if(msg->msg == CURLMSG_DONE) {
      easy = msg->easy_handle;
      res = msg->data.result;
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy, CURLINFO_PRIVATE, &conn);
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL, &eff_url);
      MSG_OUT("DONE: %s => (%d) %s\n", eff_url, res, conn->error);
      curl_multi_remove_handle(g->multi, easy);
      free(conn->url);
      curl_easy_cleanup(easy);
      free(conn);
    }
  }
}
 
/* Called by glib when our timeout expires */ 
static gboolean timer_cb(gpointer data)
{
  GlobalInfo *g = (GlobalInfo *)data;
  CURLMcode rc;
 
  rc = curl_multi_socket_action(g->multi,
                                CURL_SOCKET_TIMEOUT, 0, &g->still_running);
  mcode_or_die("timer_cb: curl_multi_socket_action", rc);
  check_multi_info(g);
  return FALSE;
}
 
/* Update the event timer after curl_multi library calls */ 
static int update_timeout_cb(CURLM *multi, long timeout_ms, void *userp)
{
  struct timeval timeout;
  GlobalInfo *g = (GlobalInfo *)userp;
  timeout.tv_sec = timeout_ms/1000;
  timeout.tv_usec = (timeout_ms%1000)*1000;
 
  MSG_OUT("*** update_timeout_cb %ld => %ld:%ld ***\n",
          timeout_ms, timeout.tv_sec, timeout.tv_usec);
 
  /* TODO
   *
   * if timeout_ms is 0, call curl_multi_socket_action() at once!
   *
   * if timeout_ms is -1, just delete the timer
   *
   * for all other values of timeout_ms, this should set or *update*
   * the timer to the new value
   */ 
  g->timer_event = g_timeout_add(timeout_ms, timer_cb, g);
  return 0;
}
 
/* Called by glib when we get action on a multi socket */ 
static gboolean event_cb(GIOChannel *ch, GIOCondition condition, gpointer data)
{
  GlobalInfo *g = (GlobalInfo*) data;
  CURLMcode rc;
  int fd = g_io_channel_unix_get_fd(ch);
 
  int action =
    (condition & G_IO_IN ? CURL_CSELECT_IN : 0) |
    (condition & G_IO_OUT ? CURL_CSELECT_OUT : 0);
 
  rc = curl_multi_socket_action(g->multi, fd, action, &g->still_running);
  mcode_or_die("event_cb: curl_multi_socket_action", rc);
 
  check_multi_info(g);
  if(g->still_running) {
    return TRUE;
  }
  else {
    MSG_OUT("last transfer done, kill timeout\n");
    if(g->timer_event) {
      g_source_remove(g->timer_event);
    }
    return FALSE;
  }
}
 
/* Clean up the SockInfo structure */ 
static void remsock(SockInfo *f)
{
  if(!f) {
    return;
  }
  if(f->ev) {
    g_source_remove(f->ev);
  }
  g_free(f);
}
 
/* Assign information to a SockInfo structure */ 
static void setsock(SockInfo *f, curl_socket_t s, CURL *e, int act,
                    GlobalInfo *g)
{
  GIOCondition kind =
    (act&CURL_POLL_IN?G_IO_IN:0)|(act&CURL_POLL_OUT?G_IO_OUT:0);
 
  f->sockfd = s;
  f->action = act;
  f->easy = e;
  if(f->ev) {
    g_source_remove(f->ev);
  }
  f->ev = g_io_add_watch(f->ch, kind, event_cb, g);
}
 
/* Initialize a new SockInfo structure */ 
static void addsock(curl_socket_t s, CURL *easy, int action, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  SockInfo *fdp = g_malloc0(sizeof(SockInfo));
 
  fdp->global = g;
  fdp->ch = g_io_channel_unix_new(s);
  setsock(fdp, s, easy, action, g);
  curl_multi_assign(g->multi, s, fdp);
}
 
/* CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION */ 
static int sock_cb(CURL *e, curl_socket_t s, int what, void *cbp, void *sockp)
{
  GlobalInfo *g = (GlobalInfo*) cbp;
  SockInfo *fdp = (SockInfo*) sockp;
  static const char *whatstr[]={ "none", "IN", "OUT", "INOUT", "REMOVE" };
 
  MSG_OUT("socket callback: s=%d e=%p what=%s ", s, e, whatstr[what]);
  if(what == CURL_POLL_REMOVE) {
    MSG_OUT("\n");
    remsock(fdp);
  }
  else {
    if(!fdp) {
      MSG_OUT("Adding data: %s%s\n",
              what&CURL_POLL_IN?"READ":"",
              what&CURL_POLL_OUT?"WRITE":"");
      addsock(s, e, what, g);
    }
    else {
      MSG_OUT(
        "Changing action from %d to %d\n", fdp->action, what);
      setsock(fdp, s, e, what, g);
    }
  }
  return 0;
}
 
/* CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION */ 
static size_t write_cb(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *data)
{
  size_t realsize = size * nmemb;
  ConnInfo *conn = (ConnInfo*) data;
  (void)ptr;
  (void)conn;
  return realsize;
}
 
/* CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION */ 
static int prog_cb(void *p, double dltotal, double dlnow, double ult,
                   double uln)
{
  ConnInfo *conn = (ConnInfo *)p;
  MSG_OUT("Progress: %s (%g/%g)\n", conn->url, dlnow, dltotal);
  return 0;
}
 
/* Create a new easy handle, and add it to the global curl_multi */ 
static void new_conn(char *url, GlobalInfo *g)
{
  ConnInfo *conn;
  CURLMcode rc;
 
  conn = g_malloc0(sizeof(ConnInfo));
  conn->error[0]='\0';
  conn->easy = curl_easy_init();
  if(!conn->easy) {
    MSG_OUT("curl_easy_init() failed, exiting!\n");
    exit(2);
  }
  conn->global = g;
  conn->url = g_strdup(url);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_URL, conn->url);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, write_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, &conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, (long)SHOW_VERBOSE);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_ERRORBUFFER, conn->error);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PRIVATE, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_NOPROGRESS, SHOW_PROGRESS?0L:1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PROGRESSFUNCTION, prog_cb);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_PROGRESSDATA, conn);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 30L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_LIMIT, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt(conn->easy, CURLOPT_LOW_SPEED_TIME, 30L);
 
  MSG_OUT("Adding easy %p to multi %p (%s)\n", conn->easy, g->multi, url);
  rc = curl_multi_add_handle(g->multi, conn->easy);
  mcode_or_die("new_conn: curl_multi_add_handle", rc);
 
  /* note that the add_handle() will set a time-out to trigger very soon so
     that the necessary socket_action() call will be called by this app */ 
}
 
/* This gets called by glib whenever data is received from the fifo */ 
static gboolean fifo_cb(GIOChannel *ch, GIOCondition condition, gpointer data)
{
#define BUF_SIZE 1024
  gsize len, tp;
  gchar *buf, *tmp, *all = NULL;
  GIOStatus rv;
 
  do {
    GError *err = NULL;
    rv = g_io_channel_read_line(ch, &buf, &len, &tp, &err);
    if(buf) {
      if(tp) {
        buf[tp]='\0';
      }
      new_conn(buf, (GlobalInfo*)data);
      g_free(buf);
    }
    else {
      buf = g_malloc(BUF_SIZE + 1);
      while(TRUE) {
        buf[BUF_SIZE]='\0';
        g_io_channel_read_chars(ch, buf, BUF_SIZE, &len, &err);
        if(len) {
          buf[len]='\0';
          if(all) {
            tmp = all;
            all = g_strdup_printf("%s%s", tmp, buf);
            g_free(tmp);
          }
          else {
            all = g_strdup(buf);
          }
        }
        else {
          break;
        }
      }
      if(all) {
        new_conn(all, (GlobalInfo*)data);
        g_free(all);
      }
      g_free(buf);
    }
    if(err) {
      g_error("fifo_cb: %s", err->message);
      g_free(err);
      break;
    }
  } while((len) && (rv == G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL));
  return TRUE;
}
 
int init_fifo(void)
{
  struct stat st;
  const char *fifo = "hiper.fifo";
  int socket;
 
  if(lstat (fifo, &st) == 0) {
    if((st.st_mode & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG) {
      errno = EEXIST;
      perror("lstat");
      exit(1);
    }
  }
 
  unlink(fifo);
  if(mkfifo (fifo, 0600) == -1) {
    perror("mkfifo");
    exit(1);
  }
 
  socket = open(fifo, O_RDWR | O_NONBLOCK, 0);
 
  if(socket == -1) {
    perror("open");
    exit(1);
  }
  MSG_OUT("Now, pipe some URL's into > %s\n", fifo);
 
  return socket;
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  GlobalInfo *g;
  CURLMcode rc;
  GMainLoop*gmain;
  int fd;
  GIOChannel* ch;
  g = g_malloc0(sizeof(GlobalInfo));
 
  fd = init_fifo();
  ch = g_io_channel_unix_new(fd);
  g_io_add_watch(ch, G_IO_IN, fifo_cb, g);
  gmain = g_main_loop_new(NULL, FALSE);
  g->multi = curl_multi_init();
  curl_multi_setopt(g->multi, CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION, sock_cb);
  curl_multi_setopt(g->multi, CURLMOPT_SOCKETDATA, g);
  curl_multi_setopt(g->multi, CURLMOPT_TIMERFUNCTION, update_timeout_cb);
  curl_multi_setopt(g->multi, CURLMOPT_TIMERDATA, g);
 
  /* we don't call any curl_multi_socket*() function yet as we have no handles
     added! */ 
 
  g_main_loop_run(gmain);
  curl_multi_cleanup(g->multi);
  return 0;
}