curl / libcurl / API / Examples / multi-event.c

multi-event.c

Download multi-event.c raw

/***************************************************************************
 *                                  _   _ ____  _
 *  Project                     ___| | | |  _ \| |
 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2019, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/ 
 
/* <DESC>
 * multi_socket API using libevent
 * </DESC>
 */ 
 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <event2/event.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
 
struct event_base *base;
CURLM *curl_handle;
struct event *timeout;
 
typedef struct curl_context_s {
  struct event *event;
  curl_socket_t sockfd;
} curl_context_t;
 
static void curl_perform(int fd, short event, void *arg);
 
static curl_context_t* create_curl_context(curl_socket_t sockfd)
{
  curl_context_t *context;
 
  context = (curl_context_t *) malloc(sizeof(*context));
 
  context->sockfd = sockfd;
 
  context->event = event_new(base, sockfd, 0, curl_perform, context);
 
  return context;
}
 
static void destroy_curl_context(curl_context_t *context)
{
  event_del(context->event);
  event_free(context->event);
  free(context);
}
 
static void add_download(const char *url, int num)
{
  char filename[50];
  FILE *file;
  CURL *handle;
 
  snprintf(filename, 50, "%d.download", num);
 
  file = fopen(filename, "wb");
  if(!file) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Error opening %s\n", filename);
    return;
  }
 
  handle = curl_easy_init();
  curl_easy_setopt(handle, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, file);
  curl_easy_setopt(handle, CURLOPT_PRIVATE, file);
  curl_easy_setopt(handle, CURLOPT_URL, url);
  curl_multi_add_handle(curl_handle, handle);
  fprintf(stderr, "Added download %s -> %s\n", url, filename);
}
 
static void check_multi_info(void)
{
  char *done_url;
  CURLMsg *message;
  int pending;
  CURL *easy_handle;
  FILE *file;
 
  while((message = curl_multi_info_read(curl_handle, &pending))) {
    switch(message->msg) {
    case CURLMSG_DONE:
      /* Do not use message data after calling curl_multi_remove_handle() and
         curl_easy_cleanup(). As per curl_multi_info_read() docs:
         "WARNING: The data the returned pointer points to will not survive
         calling curl_multi_cleanup, curl_multi_remove_handle or
         curl_easy_cleanup." */ 
      easy_handle = message->easy_handle;
 
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy_handle, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL, &done_url);
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy_handle, CURLINFO_PRIVATE, &file);
      printf("%s DONE\n", done_url);
 
      curl_multi_remove_handle(curl_handle, easy_handle);
      curl_easy_cleanup(easy_handle);
      if(file) {
        fclose(file);
      }
      break;
 
    default:
      fprintf(stderr, "CURLMSG default\n");
      break;
    }
  }
}
 
static void curl_perform(int fd, short event, void *arg)
{
  int running_handles;
  int flags = 0;
  curl_context_t *context;
 
  if(event & EV_READ)
    flags |= CURL_CSELECT_IN;
  if(event & EV_WRITE)
    flags |= CURL_CSELECT_OUT;
 
  context = (curl_context_t *) arg;
 
  curl_multi_socket_action(curl_handle, context->sockfd, flags,
                           &running_handles);
 
  check_multi_info();
}
 
static void on_timeout(evutil_socket_t fd, short events, void *arg)
{
  int running_handles;
  curl_multi_socket_action(curl_handle, CURL_SOCKET_TIMEOUT, 0,
                           &running_handles);
  check_multi_info();
}
 
static int start_timeout(CURLM *multi, long timeout_ms, void *userp)
{
  if(timeout_ms < 0) {
    evtimer_del(timeout);
  }
  else {
    if(timeout_ms == 0)
      timeout_ms = 1; /* 0 means directly call socket_action, but we'll do it
                         in a bit */ 
    struct timeval tv;
    tv.tv_sec = timeout_ms / 1000;
    tv.tv_usec = (timeout_ms % 1000) * 1000;
    evtimer_del(timeout);
    evtimer_add(timeout, &tv);
  }
  return 0;
}
 
static int handle_socket(CURL *easy, curl_socket_t s, int action, void *userp,
                  void *socketp)
{
  curl_context_t *curl_context;
  int events = 0;
 
  switch(action) {
  case CURL_POLL_IN:
  case CURL_POLL_OUT:
  case CURL_POLL_INOUT:
    curl_context = socketp ?
      (curl_context_t *) socketp : create_curl_context(s);
 
    curl_multi_assign(curl_handle, s, (void *) curl_context);
 
    if(action != CURL_POLL_IN)
      events |= EV_WRITE;
    if(action != CURL_POLL_OUT)
      events |= EV_READ;
 
    events |= EV_PERSIST;
 
    event_del(curl_context->event);
    event_assign(curl_context->event, base, curl_context->sockfd, events,
      curl_perform, curl_context);
    event_add(curl_context->event, NULL);
 
    break;
  case CURL_POLL_REMOVE:
    if(socketp) {
      event_del(((curl_context_t*) socketp)->event);
      destroy_curl_context((curl_context_t*) socketp);
      curl_multi_assign(curl_handle, s, NULL);
    }
    break;
  default:
    abort();
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  if(argc <= 1)
    return 0;
 
  if(curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL)) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Could not init curl\n");
    return 1;
  }
 
  base = event_base_new();
  timeout = evtimer_new(base, on_timeout, NULL);
 
  curl_handle = curl_multi_init();
  curl_multi_setopt(curl_handle, CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION, handle_socket);
  curl_multi_setopt(curl_handle, CURLMOPT_TIMERFUNCTION, start_timeout);
 
  while(argc-- > 1) {
    add_download(argv[argc], argc);
  }
 
  event_base_dispatch(base);
 
  curl_multi_cleanup(curl_handle);
  event_free(timeout);
  event_base_free(base);
 
  libevent_global_shutdown();
  curl_global_cleanup();
 
  return 0;
}