curl / libcurl / API / Examples / multi-uv.c

multi-uv.c

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 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2018, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
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 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
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/* <DESC>
 * multi_socket API using libuv
 * </DESC>
 */ 
/* Example application using the multi socket interface to download multiple
   files in parallel, powered by libuv.
 
   Requires libuv and (of course) libcurl.
 
   See https://nikhilm.github.io/uvbook/ for more information on libuv.
*/ 
 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <uv.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
 
uv_loop_t *loop;
CURLM *curl_handle;
uv_timer_t timeout;
 
typedef struct curl_context_s {
  uv_poll_t poll_handle;
  curl_socket_t sockfd;
} curl_context_t;
 
static curl_context_t* create_curl_context(curl_socket_t sockfd)
{
  curl_context_t *context;
 
  context = (curl_context_t *) malloc(sizeof(*context));
 
  context->sockfd = sockfd;
 
  uv_poll_init_socket(loop, &context->poll_handle, sockfd);
  context->poll_handle.data = context;
 
  return context;
}
 
static void curl_close_cb(uv_handle_t *handle)
{
  curl_context_t *context = (curl_context_t *) handle->data;
  free(context);
}
 
static void destroy_curl_context(curl_context_t *context)
{
  uv_close((uv_handle_t *) &context->poll_handle, curl_close_cb);
}
 
static void add_download(const char *url, int num)
{
  char filename[50];
  FILE *file;
  CURL *handle;
 
  snprintf(filename, 50, "%d.download", num);
 
  file = fopen(filename, "wb");
  if(!file) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Error opening %s\n", filename);
    return;
  }
 
  handle = curl_easy_init();
  curl_easy_setopt(handle, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, file);
  curl_easy_setopt(handle, CURLOPT_PRIVATE, file);
  curl_easy_setopt(handle, CURLOPT_URL, url);
  curl_multi_add_handle(curl_handle, handle);
  fprintf(stderr, "Added download %s -> %s\n", url, filename);
}
 
static void check_multi_info(void)
{
  char *done_url;
  CURLMsg *message;
  int pending;
  CURL *easy_handle;
  FILE *file;
 
  while((message = curl_multi_info_read(curl_handle, &pending))) {
    switch(message->msg) {
    case CURLMSG_DONE:
      /* Do not use message data after calling curl_multi_remove_handle() and
         curl_easy_cleanup(). As per curl_multi_info_read() docs:
         "WARNING: The data the returned pointer points to will not survive
         calling curl_multi_cleanup, curl_multi_remove_handle or
         curl_easy_cleanup." */ 
      easy_handle = message->easy_handle;
 
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy_handle, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL, &done_url);
      curl_easy_getinfo(easy_handle, CURLINFO_PRIVATE, &file);
      printf("%s DONE\n", done_url);
 
      curl_multi_remove_handle(curl_handle, easy_handle);
      curl_easy_cleanup(easy_handle);
      if(file) {
        fclose(file);
      }
      break;
 
    default:
      fprintf(stderr, "CURLMSG default\n");
      break;
    }
  }
}
 
static void curl_perform(uv_poll_t *req, int status, int events)
{
  int running_handles;
  int flags = 0;
  curl_context_t *context;
 
  if(events & UV_READABLE)
    flags |= CURL_CSELECT_IN;
  if(events & UV_WRITABLE)
    flags |= CURL_CSELECT_OUT;
 
  context = (curl_context_t *) req->data;
 
  curl_multi_socket_action(curl_handle, context->sockfd, flags,
                           &running_handles);
 
  check_multi_info();
}
 
static void on_timeout(uv_timer_t *req)
{
  int running_handles;
  curl_multi_socket_action(curl_handle, CURL_SOCKET_TIMEOUT, 0,
                           &running_handles);
  check_multi_info();
}
 
static int start_timeout(CURLM *multi, long timeout_ms, void *userp)
{
  if(timeout_ms < 0) {
    uv_timer_stop(&timeout);
  }
  else {
    if(timeout_ms == 0)
      timeout_ms = 1; /* 0 means directly call socket_action, but we'll do it
                         in a bit */ 
    uv_timer_start(&timeout, on_timeout, timeout_ms, 0);
  }
  return 0;
}
 
static int handle_socket(CURL *easy, curl_socket_t s, int action, void *userp,
                  void *socketp)
{
  curl_context_t *curl_context;
  int events = 0;
 
  switch(action) {
  case CURL_POLL_IN:
  case CURL_POLL_OUT:
  case CURL_POLL_INOUT:
    curl_context = socketp ?
      (curl_context_t *) socketp : create_curl_context(s);
 
    curl_multi_assign(curl_handle, s, (void *) curl_context);
 
    if(action != CURL_POLL_IN)
      events |= UV_WRITABLE;
    if(action != CURL_POLL_OUT)
      events |= UV_READABLE;
 
    uv_poll_start(&curl_context->poll_handle, events, curl_perform);
    break;
  case CURL_POLL_REMOVE:
    if(socketp) {
      uv_poll_stop(&((curl_context_t*)socketp)->poll_handle);
      destroy_curl_context((curl_context_t*) socketp);
      curl_multi_assign(curl_handle, s, NULL);
    }
    break;
  default:
    abort();
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
  loop = uv_default_loop();
 
  if(argc <= 1)
    return 0;
 
  if(curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL)) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Could not init curl\n");
    return 1;
  }
 
  uv_timer_init(loop, &timeout);
 
  curl_handle = curl_multi_init();
  curl_multi_setopt(curl_handle, CURLMOPT_SOCKETFUNCTION, handle_socket);
  curl_multi_setopt(curl_handle, CURLMOPT_TIMERFUNCTION, start_timeout);
 
  while(argc-- > 1) {
    add_download(argv[argc], argc);
  }
 
  uv_run(loop, UV_RUN_DEFAULT);
  curl_multi_cleanup(curl_handle);
 
  return 0;
}