curl / libcurl / API / Examples / post-callback.c

post-callback.c

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/***************************************************************************
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 *                             / __| | | | |_) | |
 *                            | (__| |_| |  _ <| |___
 *                             \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2017, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
 *
 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
 *
 ***************************************************************************/ 
/* <DESC>
 * Issue an HTTP POST and provide the data through the read callback.
 * </DESC>
 */ 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
 
/* silly test data to POST */ 
static const char data[]="Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing "
  "elit. Sed vel urna neque. Ut quis leo metus. Quisque eleifend, ex at "
  "laoreet rhoncus, odio ipsum semper metus, at tempus ante urna in mauris. "
  "Suspendisse ornare tempor venenatis. Ut dui neque, pellentesque a varius "
  "eget, mattis vitae ligula. Fusce ut pharetra est. Ut ullamcorper mi ac "
  "sollicitudin semper. Praesent sit amet tellus varius, posuere nulla non, "
  "rhoncus ipsum.";
 
struct WriteThis {
  const char *readptr;
  size_t sizeleft;
};
 
static size_t read_callback(void *dest, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *userp)
{
  struct WriteThis *wt = (struct WriteThis *)userp;
  size_t buffer_size = size*nmemb;
 
  if(wt->sizeleft) {
    /* copy as much as possible from the source to the destination */ 
    size_t copy_this_much = wt->sizeleft;
    if(copy_this_much > buffer_size)
      copy_this_much = buffer_size;
    memcpy(dest, wt->readptr, copy_this_much);
 
    wt->readptr += copy_this_much;
    wt->sizeleft -= copy_this_much;
    return copy_this_much; /* we copied this many bytes */ 
  }
 
  return 0; /* no more data left to deliver */ 
}
 
int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLcode res;
 
  struct WriteThis wt;
 
  wt.readptr = data;
  wt.sizeleft = strlen(data);
 
  /* In windows, this will init the winsock stuff */ 
  res = curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);
  /* Check for errors */ 
  if(res != CURLE_OK) {
    fprintf(stderr, "curl_global_init() failed: %s\n",
            curl_easy_strerror(res));
    return 1;
  }
 
  /* get a curl handle */ 
  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    /* First set the URL that is about to receive our POST. */ 
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "https://example.com/index.cgi");
 
    /* Now specify we want to POST data */ 
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_POST, 1L);
 
    /* we want to use our own read function */ 
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, read_callback);
 
    /* pointer to pass to our read function */ 
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READDATA, &wt);
 
    /* get verbose debug output please */ 
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);
 
    /*
      If you use POST to a HTTP 1.1 server, you can send data without knowing
      the size before starting the POST if you use chunked encoding. You
      enable this by adding a header like "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" with
      CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER. With HTTP 1.0 or without chunked transfer, you must
      specify the size in the request.
    */ 
#ifdef USE_CHUNKED
    {
      struct curl_slist *chunk = NULL;
 
      chunk = curl_slist_append(chunk, "Transfer-Encoding: chunked");
      res = curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, chunk);
      /* use curl_slist_free_all() after the *perform() call to free this
         list again */ 
    }
#else
    /* Set the expected POST size. If you want to POST large amounts of data,
       consider CURLOPT_POSTFIELDSIZE_LARGE */ 
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDSIZE, (long)wt.sizeleft);
#endif
 
#ifdef DISABLE_EXPECT
    /*
      Using POST with HTTP 1.1 implies the use of a "Expect: 100-continue"
      header.  You can disable this header with CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER as usual.
      NOTE: if you want chunked transfer too, you need to combine these two
      since you can only set one list of headers with CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER. */ 
 
    /* A less good option would be to enforce HTTP 1.0, but that might also
       have other implications. */ 
    {
      struct curl_slist *chunk = NULL;
 
      chunk = curl_slist_append(chunk, "Expect:");
      res = curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, chunk);
      /* use curl_slist_free_all() after the *perform() call to free this
         list again */ 
    }
#endif
 
    /* Perform the request, res will get the return code */ 
    res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
    /* Check for errors */ 
    if(res != CURLE_OK)
      fprintf(stderr, "curl_easy_perform() failed: %s\n",
              curl_easy_strerror(res));
 
    /* always cleanup */ 
    curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  }
  curl_global_cleanup();
  return 0;
}